What is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)?

The goal of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is to assist patients in controlling their emotions and acquiring constructive coping mechanisms. DBT is predicated on the notion that people who suffer from specific mental health disorders, such as Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), could find it difficult to control their emotions, which could lead to harmful or self-destructive actions.

The goal of DBT is to assist people in developing healthy coping mechanisms to deal with their emotions and problems, as well as to enhance their capacity for emotional regulation and distress tolerance. Regular therapy sessions with a therapist are usually part of DBT, and they may also incorporate group and individual skill development.

Four major skill sets are taught in DBT: emotion regulation, mindfulness, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness. People with mindfulness abilities are better able to accept their thoughts and feelings without passing judgment and remain in the present moment. People with distress tolerance abilities are better able to handle challenging feelings and circumstances healthily. People with emotional regulation abilities are better able to recognize, control, and react to their emotions in healthier ways. People with interpersonal effectiveness abilities can speak confidently and successfully in interpersonal situations.

Individuals with BPD and other disorders with strong, uncontrollable emotions may benefit from DBT treatment. DBT can assist people in managing their emotions and enhance their general mental health and well-being by teaching them effective coping mechanisms.